Fun Tour Experiences


World’s Largest Pizzeria Proposed Inside New England’s Only Tunnel

World’s Largest Pizzeria Proposed Inside New England’s Only Tunnel
Associated Pizza Press
July 3, 2023

NEW HAVEN, CT.  A groundbreaking proposal to convert the entire West Rock Tunnel along Connecticut’s Wilbur Cross Parkway in New Haven into the world’s largest pizzeria is steaming its way into a huge traffic jam as state regulators and so-called pizza-preneurs spar over what could become a gargantuan rest stop. The concept has put to the test the state’s ability to consider an alternate idea to this well baked idea fully fueled by its enthusiasts.

At the core of what is planned to be called Final Exit Pizzeria is pizza evangelist and entrepreneur Colin M. Caplan and his cadre of spirited investors. Caplan founded the controversial Church of Pizza which sees this popular food as a deity of sorts. His otherwise unorthodox idea was spurned by crunching a number of transportation data statistics leading to a demand for a major overhaul of this poorly functioning highway.

“Traffic has been at a standstill for years and current plans to enlarge the tunnel or limit access to the highway have been poorly received and are way over budget,” Caplan stated on Monday. “The idea for this temple to pizza began when we studied the schematics of the original tunnel, which is actually two tubular archways built in 1948-49 in order to smoothly bypass West Rock Ridge State Park. Back then there were less cars and the Wilbur Cross Parkway was more of a leisure roadway rather than part of an interstate network of travel weary commuters and families rushing to vacation homes.”

As New England’s only highway tunnel through a natural feature, the West Rock Tunnel, also known as Heroes Tunnel, was never designed to be enlarged or drastically changed. The challenges of increased car traffic through the tunnel have put a strain on the Department of Transportation’s resources.

“We looked at everything from boring a new tunnel to combining both tunnels into one, creating an alternate route and even clearing the whole mountain,” explained state DOT regional acting deputy planner Caprice McAdam. “We just couldn’t drive any of these ideas home. It was as if the blasted rock wanted us to stop sending cars through it,” noted McAdam.

With no feasible alternate plans in the works, Caplan began cooking up a far-fetched idea to abandon the highway here altogether. “Highways are meant to provide quick access to distant points, but when that system begins to fail, we need to ask why we need these dangerous, stress-filled pollution corridors in the first place.” Caplan conceded.

“I want people to just get off the highway here in New Haven and explore. If you want to just pass through town then take a one of the interstates. What we do best here is pizza,” argued Caplan.

“That’s where the concept of reuse began. We’ve all heard of abandoned mines being used for storage and even habitation, but we never stopped to think about how we could use a highway tunnel differently. The tunnel is a sanctuary and should be appreciated as such.”

So Caplan, along with a panel of adaptive reuse experts from Texas, West Virginia and Atlantis, began to devise a best-use plan for the space. The result was to propose one massive pizzeria utilizing the outer naturally lit portions of both tunnels for dining spaces, while the innermost areas would be dedicated for banks of restrooms, food prep and storage, staff locker rooms, offices and 20 colossal coal-fired pizza ovens. This plan is so well-cooked that it accounts for the dire need of vast vehicular parking spaces by utilizing the former highway approaches to the tunnel which had formerly been so backed up by traffic, they were already parking lots. Caplan’s lead engineer on the project, Abel Block of Block Builders, agreed.

“This tunnel is open territory. It’s two 1200-foot long, 28-foot wide, 20-foot tall reinforced concrete tunnels totaling 67,000 square feet of usable space. This megastructure was even designed with a massive ventilation shaft like a chimney to remove toxic air. You can’t ask for a better situation to house a series of coal-fired pizza ovens and provide a dining experience for over 3000 people. From an engineering perspective, it’s a gold mine,” Block asserted.

With a pizzeria this large in the city dubbed the Pizza Capital of America, the demands for restaurant supplies will be overwhelming. On any given day this pizzeria’s 20 ovens would be pumping out a whopping 15,000 pizzas and consuming roughly 100 tons of anthracite coal. While many would argue against having this level of coal soot and pollution deep within the second largest state park, a deal in the works with the country’s only commercial coal mine is positioned to help keep this archaic nugget out of power plants.

“We are still catching up after the new millennium here in Scranton, PA. We recognize that coal has gotten a bad rap, especially with people who read the news and just see black smoke coming out of power plants and assume it’s toxic. But I always told them if you want to keep the lights running and the beer cold in the fridge, then you need this here coal,” explained 8th generation coal mine owner Rip Moreland of Moreland Processing in Carbondale, PA.

But not everyone is fired up about this idea. Connecticut’s transportation czar Peter Dowt has been leading the charge to stop the closure of the parkway.

“Over 77,000 cars pass through the tunnel daily. You’d have to be an actual lunatic to think we are going to find an alternate route for all these cars,” Dowt said. “The Wilbur Cross is a major artery in the state’s transportation system. If you block it up with cheese, sauce and toppings the whole system will explode.”

Dowt is not alone in his protest. Daisy Fernandez heads the conservation group Friends of Fronds who has been concerned about the impact of increased activity at West Rock Ridge State Park. “It’s one thing to have millions of cars per year pass under this wildlife sanctuary, but it’s another thing entirely to have smoke from coal burning ovens and thousands of people occupying the middle of the mountain. Add in the off-gassing from making thousands of pizzas per day, this will be the perfect storm for an environmental meltdown. I do eat a lot of pizza because I am vegetarian.”

Connecticut State Geologist Crystal Giodde confirmed that the rock structure of West Rock Ridge is a sensitive natural area teeming with wildlife and history. “The earth’s crust is a lot like a pizza cooking in a coal-fired oven. Looking back in time, West Rock was formed as a magmatic dike formation deep underground during the Jurassic period, a fissure between two softer substrates of sandstone. It’s full of iron and turns orange and red when exposed to oxygen. If this new place makes the pizza anything like they do down on Wooster Street, it’ll be a seismic event.”

As Caplan’s plan gets set in stone and with pen as chisel he is carving a name for himself in the pizza world. He asserts that the West Rock Tunnel conversion to pizzeria is as solid an idea as any.

“I hear all the concerns about the highway closure and I say we’ll cross that road when we get there. But everyone loves pizza, and nobody likes highways. This group of esteemed pizza parishioners are equipped to convert this tunnel to a higher use. We are a well-oiled machine, and at this point, we are on fire.”

Written in satire by Colin M. Caplan July 3, 2023

The United States of Apizza

The United States of Apizza
Colin M. Caplan
November 28, 2022

I’m that kind of pizza nut that has meticulously researched, catalogued, mapped and targeted for edible demolition every single New Haven Style Pizza place in the US of A, and I have now been asked to share this seemingly never ending and always fluctuating life skill with the likes of you people. So bless you for being interested because I vow to make your stomachs and minds perk up with this ever-growing pizza trend and true culinary masterpiece.

New Haven style pizza, a Neo Neapolitan pizza that hails from the area around New Haven, Connecticut is known for its thin, chewy, crispy & charred crust, oblong or noncircular shape customarily cooked well done in large coal-fired brick ovens, the fuel and oven style not being indicative of the style. The pizza goes by the name Apizza, pronounced “ahbeetz,” which hails back to the original Neapolitan work for “la pizza” in that archaic language. From the 1870s-1960s New Haven attracted more Italian immigrants and their offspring than any other city per capita in the US, and the bakers and pizzaioli who largely hailed from regions around Naples, were skilled at making this traditional style of pizza. For the first 100 years New Haven’s style of pizza stayed in Connecticut, a state the size of the country Montenegro (as you know).

As fast as New Haven attracted immigrants to work at its factories in the 19th and early 20th centuries, many of these descendants left for greener pastures following the demise of the city’s industrial base, massive redevelopment projects and easier access to distant area of the country. Many missed their staple cultural comforts like apizza, and soon enough there was a growing demand for New Haven style pizza in various communities across the lower 48. The pioneer pizzeria to cross state borders was one I visited in my youth called the New Haven Pizza Co. on W13th Street in Greenwich Village, Manhattan. Opening in 1990, this now defunct spot appears to be the earliest homage to New Haven’s pizza prowess on record.

Over the years New Haven style pizzerias have been opening up in all corners of the country, mostly started by former employees, family members or inspired by some of the original gangster pizzerias like Frank Pepe Pizzeria Napoletana, Sally’s Apizza, Modern Apizza and Zuppardi’s Apizza, Tolli’s Apizza and Abate’s Apizza. New Haven’s main pizza rivals, Sally’s & Pepe’s have been taking their brands to ever more remote locations to share the New Haven pizza theme to the masses; there are 15 Frank Pepe pizzerias in seven states and three Sally’s Apizza locations in CT with more being planned, plus frozen pizza delivery. Zuppardi’s Apizza has three locations in the greater New Haven area, a pizza truck and frozen pizza delivery and for purchase at national supermarkets. The demand for New Haven style pizza has been growing and former area residents who now live far and wide have greater access to the apizza of their fancy.

While many New Haven style pizzerias have come and gone, there’s all the more reason to explore the surviving locations. The longest running one is Basil Doc’s Pizza which started in 1996 in Denver with a dough recipe influenced by Pepe’s, now with three locations in the area. Next is Tomatoes Apizza which started in 1998 in greater Detroit and was directly consulted my Abate’s Apizza. Former New Havener Billy Jacobs opened Piece Brewery and Pizzeria 2001 in the Wicker Park neighborhood in Chicago to help locals there get a taste of his upbringing as a 2nd generation Sally’s Apizza regular. In 2006, San Diego received its first New Haven style pizzeria when Basic Urban Kitchen + Bar opened by another former New Havener. Soon after, other sectors of the country were liberated from pizza purgatory including Salvation Pizza in Austin in 2006, now with three locations, Double Mountain Brewer in Hood River OR in 2007, now with two locations, Pete’s New Haven Style Apizza in Washington DC in 2008, Nick’s New Haven Style Pizzeria in Boca Raton, FL in 2011 and Apizza di Napoli in Aiken, SC in 2012. This trend has continued with many newer spots opening like West By God Coal Fired Pizza in Pigeon Forge, TN, Tolli’s Trattoria in Johns Island, SC, Fantini’s New Haven Style Apizza in Stuart, FL, Ozzy’s Apizza in Glendale, CA and numerous breweries throughout the Midwest. It’s a lot to sip on.

With more than half the states, 27 and counting to be exact, housing a New Haven style pizzeria within their borders it shouldn’t come as a surprise that this is an accepted and popular version of pizza. Often ranked in the top 10 pizza polls with authority, New Haven style pizza has been finding its way and staying in mainstream pizza conversations. The United States of New Haven Style Pizza spans from the eastern most front at Montano’s Restaurant in Truro, MA to its westernmost at Pazzo in San Carlos, CA, up north at Surly Brewing Co. in Minneapolis, MN to down south at Boblu’s Southern Café in Key West, FL.  New Haven pizza is annexing hearts, minds, mouths and stomachs far and wide and soon we may all be speaking the New Haven apizza dialect.

New Haven Style Pizzerias Map

To Apizza Or Not To Apizza

To Apizza or Not To Apizza
Colin M. Caplan
March 7, 2022

Change is one surety provided by the passage of time especially in reference to human culture, activities, language and food. Looking at one of the present day’s most popular foods on the planet, pizza, it may not be so apparent how this distinct and delicious edible fuel source came to be. The simple answer, and usually the correct one, is that pizza hailed from Italy and migrated around the world in the minds and traditions of hopeful families looking for a better life. This culinary seed sprouted in faraway lands like Argentina and the United States early on but it took decades before it became widely accepted.

In Italian, Pizza means pie or cake, and really refers to the crust or base of the bread. While there are many kinds of pizza in Italy, the one that has captured the hearts, minds and mouths of our global lust is the Neapolitan Pizza. Most of the world’s understanding of pizza originated from Campania in southern Italy centered around Naples, hence the proliferation of the Pizzeria Napoletana, or Neapolitan Pizza House. After the fall of the Roman Empire Italy was a collection of City-states, the largest being the Kingdom of Two Sicilies headquartered at Naples. Over the centuries this area of Italy had seen its share of rulers from all over Europe and North Africa, each one leaving behind remnants of their culture. When Italy was unified in 1861 by Giuseppe Garibaldi, the country began to homogenize and centralize its power and influence in its northern states. Florentine Italian became the accepted language and all other languages and dialects were shunned. Campanian language was forced out of society slowly but surely, and over time its words were rendered to linger on only in oral tradition and memory.

Pizza’s origin was Campanian and the original language of that region was Neapolitan giving evidence to how pizza was originally spoken and written. The Italian word with article La pizza also exists in Neapolitan but following the language’s syntax rules in Italian La converts to a’, and the Italian una converts to na’. Whereas Italian one writes la pizza (the pizza) or una pizza (a pizza), Neapolitan writes a’pizza or na’pizza. Where the word gets even trickier is in its Neapolitan pronunciation; in Italian it’s pronounced la peetza or oona peetza, but in Neapolitan it’s said ahbeetz or nabeetz. One example of Neapolitan pizza spelling shows up in music in the 1966 Italian song, ’A Pizza, written in Neapolitan by Alberto Testa & Giordano Bruno Martelli and performed by Aurelio Fierro where the line “‘a pizza Cu ‘a pummarola ‘ncoppa” is translated “pizza with tomato sauce on top.” Records of the Neapolitan way of speech exist and many people in Campania still speak the language amongst each other, but Neapolitan has largely been removed from writing and teaching, the results of major cultural shifts.

When millions of southern Italians fled Italy starting in the 1870s they unwittingly exported their food and language with them. The earliest pizzerias in the United States opened in cities with large Campanian populations particularly in the Northeast. Ethnic enclaves helped immigrants build new lives within their language barrier while continuing their traditional homeland rituals. In many of these neighborhoods, termed Little Italy’s, cultural change and assimilation was slowed. Over a period of about 60 years thousands of Campanian families stayed on in the US, adopting American customs while continuing the old. Meanwhile back in the old country, Italians were in the midst of two world wars, ever changing cultural habits, and new trends, completely removed from their diaspora across the sea. In this way Italy’s culture, food habits and language evolved while Italian Americans held onto their fading traditions, repeating and teaching each successive generation the lessons of the Italy of their ancestors.

It is not surprising that many Italian American traditions preserved ancient Italian culture that is no longer customary in Italy. Like a time capsule the language, rituals and food of old Italy still manifests in the older Italian American communities. One case study is in New Haven, Connecticut which continues to have the largest Italian American community per capita in the county, largely made up of descendants from Campania and having a very large contingent hailing from Amalfi, its Sister City. It’s widely recognized as a pizza lover’s city with its own style of pizza (New Haven style) and its own way of saying it, Apizza, pronounced ahbeetz. Looking at both historic and newly opened pizzerias in the New Haven area the word Apizza is predominant in both restaurant names and on menus. Upon reading this word the casual onlooker might assume somebody misspelled pizza or have a liberal creative license. Only the savviest of Ooni fans have already recognized the historic connection the word Apizza has to old Campania. Indeed, the New Haven area is the last and only place in the country where the term Apizza is used instead of pizza.

There are a number of historic variations of the spelling of apizza that show up in photos, articles, menus and other records. In the New Haven area a pizzeria known as App’s Italian Pies in West Haven had a sign on its façade that read “ARBEETS” dating to about 1930. Soon after a 1933 photo inside the Fair Tavern in New Haven shows a sign behind the bar that reads “A’PIZZA” revealing the word’s evolution to include the article, hence the apostraphe. While Apizza use was centered around New Haven it was actually once more widespread than it is now. In fact nearly every Connecticut city had pizzerias that included Apizza in their name or menus up until the last quarter of the 20th century and some still exist. Beyond Connecticut historic records of the use of the word Apizza existed in parts of New York, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware and Florida, some spelling it Apizza, some La Bitz, La Pitz and LaPietz. In 1943 an article in the Washington Evening Star about pizza at Coney Island in Brooklyn, New York says that pizza goes by the name “ahbeets” giving credence to its use in the Big Apple. But by 1960 the term apizza was disappearing from areas outside of Connecticut and in the following decades its use was more and more limited to Italian American enclaves in the New Haven area.

Just as Italians left Italy for a better life, so have New Haveners fled to other parts of the US over the years, some bringing their recipes for New Have style apizza. In the last 30 years the number of pizzerias making this style has increased dramatically to nearly 60 locations coast to coast, and some use the word apizza in their name. Prominent examples include Pete’s New Haven Style Apizza with locations around Washington D.C., APIZZA in Boston, Fantini’s Apizza in Stuart, FL, Apizza Di Napoli in Aiken, NC, Dimo’s Apizza and Apizza Scholls in Portland, OR, Tolli’s Apizza in John’s Island, SC, Tomatoes APizza with locations around Detroit and Sorriso Apizza in Alpharetta, GA. The American melting pot is continuously being stirred but some of its ingredients keep coming up to the surface. The continuing use of the word apizza in the New Haven area and its culinary embassies around the country provides a lineage of language, food, culture and tradition. In this way Apizza helps pump fresh energy and blood into the 45 billion dollar per year heartbeat of the American pizza scene and it retells the often lurid stories of bygone family histories and their withering memories of an imperceptible land, far, far away.

Christmas in New Haven

Christmas in New Haven
Colin M. Caplan
February 27, 2020

The improvement of New Haven’s civic life became a focus of city leaders in the beginning of the 20th century exemplified with the first public Christmas tree lighting on the New Haven Green in 1913. With a growing city full of hopeful immigrant families, well-to-do long-time residents, and a robust population of civically minded men and women, New Haven recognized the need for more public ceremonies. The act of a Christmas tree lighting which began in Germany as a custom called Tanenbaum, made its way to these shores with German immigrants a century or more prior. Its popularity had already taken root in American households, societies, churches and stores, and the tree with its flickering flames represented faith, life, light and hope.

While there were Christmas trees lighting up during the holiday in private homes, department stores, churches, community organizations and social clubs, New Haven was without a public tree lighting for most of its years. The first wave of public Christmas tree lightings in American cities began in 1912. This was a way of connecting people of all classes and backgrounds calling for the lit tree and jubilee, ushering in a new American ideal for what Christmas meant as a public celebration. These first cities to celebrate included New York City, Boston, San Francisco, Hartford and New Britain. This message made it to New Haven the following year when Amelie Sternberg Traut, child of German parents and wife of a New Britain industrialist, lectured on the merits of a public Christmas tree lighting to the Woman’s Club of New Haven on October 10, 1913.

The enthusiasm behind the public Christmas tree lighting was heating up in New Haven in late 1913 when members of the Women’s Club of New Haven encouraged Mayor Frank Rice to plan this celebration. Along with the New Haven Civic Federation, the mayor appointed a tree lighting committee headed by Lila M. Atwater along with other civically engaged city women. With their help and planning an inclusive celebration was organized for the benefit of impoverished children and their families starting on Christmas Eve on the New Haven Green.

The plan included hoisting a large evergreen tree up in the middle of the Green, attaching strings of hundreds of colored electric lights with a star at the top.  The electricity was donated by United Illuminating and a local contractor offered their service for free. At 6:00 PM Mayor Rice pressed the button lighting up the tree and beginning the festivities. A big band of musicians from the Second Company Governors Foot Guard was accompanied by 200 school children singing Christmas carols. That first evening thousands of New Haveners attended the event. The tree stayed lit until New Year’s Eve providing a glowing beacon for a hopeful future.

New Haven’s community Christmas tree lighting tradition continued year after year, growing in size and importance. The tradition has maintained its purpose to the greater community after over 100 years of pubic celebration. The ideals of these original civic-minded city leaders for an inclusive community celebration bringing light and warmth to the neediest is a tradition that helps renew bonds and begin new ones for New Haveners for years to follow.

Jerry Thomas, Father of American Mixology

Jerry Thomas, Father of American Mixology
Colin M. Caplan
October 10, 2018

“The Lord smiled benevolently upon the city of New Haven, Connecticut,” were the first words in Herbert Asbury’s introduction to the 1927 reprint of Jerry Thomas’ own, The Bon Vivant’s Companion or How To Mix Drinks. Mr. Thomas, considered the father of American mixology, was believed to be born in Harbor, New York in 1830, but grew up in the Elm City. Jerry’s older brother, David, ran the Park House, one of the city’s leading hotels located along Chapel Street facing the Green. Here as just a youth, 15-year-old Jerry became assistant bartender, learning and yearning to invent and create new libations from the bar’s base of spirits. His guests included young Yale men, seasoned bankers and sailors alike.

From 1845-47 Jerry concocted his drinks from the Park House in New Haven and for another year or so he followed his brother to another local hotel, the York House on Forbes Avenue, until 1849. Jerry’s quest to quench his patrons’ thirst began to set him apart, and he established himself as the first recorded cocktail bartender in the country. Yale boys couldn’t handle his handiwork and Jerry needed a hardier clientele with a more adventurous alcoholic disposition. He looked west.

19-year-old Jerry Thomas set his sights on the setting sun, sailing off on March 26, 1849 for San Francisco aboard the bark Ann Smith where he experimented in making drinks with the ship’s own grog. It turned out the 24-man crew found Jerry’s recipes not quite above board and by the time they reached the Bay City on November 4, 1849 Jerry left the boat and kept a low profile. Once the coast was clear Jerry bee-lined for the El Dorado on Portsmouth Square, the city’s finest hotel at that time, and he became assistant bartender.

At the El Dorado Jerry began crafting original cocktail concoctions and his prominence as a drink slinger began to get noticed by the burgeoning immigrant population in this western-most frontier town. Most came for the Gold Rush, quick money and a new life. Some came to plunder. On one occasion in late 1849 the El Dorado became victim to a horde of banditos, set on holding up the bar for all it was worth. Instead Jerry offered them a drink, and he concocted a nearly lethal mixture which left all the miscreants writhing on the floor. Jerry’s action stopped the crime, and the local militia sentenced the punch drunk pirates to death.

Jerry Thomas’ reputation as a drink-dueling, bandit-busting bartender spread like San Francisco’s wildfires. Soon his El Dorado bar became a crowded social center. One extra large 49er came in demanding Jerry fix him a drink that would knock his socks off, and Jerry realized what was at stake. If Jerry didn’t knock this giant to his stool with a drink, his local clout would have been all but lost.

Jerry told the man to come back in an hour, and in that time Jerry awed the barroom while he carefully contemplated what drink he would have to craft. The result netted a full tumbler of Scotch whiskey, another of less boiling water, and a sulfur match. Jerry lit the match, ignited the whiskey flaming to the ceiling, and poured it arms stretched from one tumbler to the other creating a blue firestorm. Adding some sugar and lemon, the still-smoking drink was handed to the massive miner, and the Blue Blazer cocktail was born.

Upon consuming the drink in one large swig the miner fell into a daze, and Jerry’s Blue Blazer had become all the rage in California. Next Jerry set out to the Yuba River to mine for gold. Bar tending at night in Downieville, shown in the image below, he amassed $16,000 in savings. He even started a minstrel band and canvassed the area spreading music and his classy drinks to this rural outpost. Jerry’s stay along the Yuba was over and he felt obliged to learn more in another land. In late 1850 Jerry headed to Nicaragua and filled his head and stomach with new drink ideas.

Heading back home to New Haven in 1852, Jerry Thomas joined his family including brothers David, George and Andrew. David ran the City Hotel located directly across the street from the train depot on Union and Cherry Streets, and close to the harbor, Downtown and Yale. Andrew Thomas was the bartender at the hotel but when Jerry returned home, he and Andrew teamed up to open a bar and casino a couple blocks away. It was here in Jarvis Joslyn’s building at 75 Union Street in 1853 in the large second floor hall above a horse stable that Jerry proved his merry-making might. He introduced his flaming drink concoction made famous in California, the Blue Blazer, to the east coast here, testing the brawn of the Yale student body.

While well received in town, Jerry’s time in New Haven was cut short by his father’s death on February 19, 1854. He decided to set sail once again on his life journey of drink discoveries. Jerry first visited Charleston, South Carolina and learned how to make a proper Julep. He then tried out Chicago for a little before heading down to St. Louis. Here Jerry became the head bartender of the Planter’s House Hotel, the finest hotel in town, and invented Planter’s Punch and the Tom & Jerry drinks. Next Jerry uprooted again and dashed over to Europe where he visited Liverpool, Southampton, London and Paris in 1859. He returned to New York City in 1860 to work a bar, then traveled by wagon to San Francisco in 1861 to run the bar at the Occidental Hotel.

While in San Francisco, Jerry Thomas cultivated his best work yet, his landmark cocktail recipe book titled, The Bartender’s Guide. How To Mix Drinks, or The Bon-Vivant’s Companion in 1862. This was the first book of its kind in the world in the English language, and helped give Thomas the title of ‘Professor.’ In 1863 Jerry ventured to Virginia City, Nevada and returned to New York in 1865.

In the aftermath of the Civil War Jerry returned to Manhattan in 1865 to open a bar in the new Mortimer Building at Broadway, 22nd Street and Fifth Avenue. With his brother George the bar blossomed into an art museum and social center. Cocktails, art and a city busting at its seams made it a huge success. With Jerry Thomas at the helm, his Broadway barroom was one of the most popular in Manhattan. He opened his back room to struggling artist, Thomas Nast, whose racy political cartoons coined him both ‘The President Maker’ and ‘Father of American Cartoon.’ In 1873, Jerry Thomas and his brothers George and David moved up Broadway to number 1239 and five years later opened up at 3 Barclay Street.

In the afternoon of December 14, 1885, Jerry Thomas died of heart disease five minutes after returning to his house. He was 55 years old at his time of death, leaving not just his wife, Henrietta, and children, Henrietta, Milton & Louise, but a lifetime of adventures, passion and pursuit of making the perfect drinks. A rendering of Jerry Thomas in wax has been on display at The Museum of the American Cocktail in New Orleans, a testament to his continued esteem.